Breed In, Breed Out

Whether energetic or slipper, tiny or giant, long or short haired, your dog certainly holds a prime spot in the great Oven-Baked Tradition family. Truth be told, we meet so many dogs in the course of our work that our team started wondering how many breeds there are around the world.

But before we answer this question, it is important to know that the dogs are classified by family. A dog’s affiliation to a given group is determined, among other things, by its morphology and the role he plays in our lives. We were able to note that there is generally a consensus on the number of families, of which there are 10.

Thus, everyone seems to agree on the existence of Terriers, hunting dogs and domestic dogs. But this is a completely different thing when it comes to the notion of breed!

It is the different canine associations throughout the world that determine the very existence of a breed. For example, the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which represents 99 European countries, lists 353 official breeds, while the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC), on the other end, only recognizes 175 of them!

Interestingly, of these, there are only 4 canine species of Canadian origin. Would you like to know more about them? Well, say no more, as we’ll introduce them to you in the rest of our blog.


The Qimmiq

Favorite Food: Anything with fish in it!


The Qimmiq is one of the oldest dog breeds in the world. It is even said that it was already roaming the Arctic 4000 years ago.

Better known as the Eskimo dog, it is unquestionably the athlete of our pack. He can easily pull heavy loads over a hundred kilometers without getting too tired and fight a polar bear should the need arise.

But beware, as he should not be confused with the Siberian Husky! In fact, the Qimmiq is so rare that there are only 279 purebred individuals left in the world.


The Labrador Retriever

Favorite food: What a silly question! Boar pâté, come on!


According to various tales, the Labrador was born from a cross between a Newfoundland dog and an otter! But for serious breeders, he is more likely to be a descendant of the St. John, a curly-coated breed of dog that disappeared at the turn of the 20th century.

Known for its gentleness and incredible obedience, the Labrador is the ideal companion for hunters. Endowed with a formidable flair, it is also used as a police and rescue dog.

In America, the Labrador has been the flagship dog for the past twenty years and its popularity is still going strong.


The Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

Favorite food: Duck and … more duck!


Here comes the band’s little genius! He is said to be cheerful by nature and very pleasant company. People say that he attracts ducks by playing on the shore using a technique called “tolling”, which is inspired by a trick used by foxes. Like its cousin, the Labrador Retriever, it has webbed feet and is also a terrific swimmer.


The Newfoundland Dog

Favorite Food: Anything worthy of a big appetite!


The Newfoundland dog is our gentle giant.

We suspect him to have for ancestor the Tibetan Mastiff and being a sea companion of many Vikings. In fact, at one time, few sailors ventured out to sea without having him with them aboard. History even credits him with incredible marine feats.

Incidentally, in the middle of the 19th century, the Newfoundland would have been crossed with the St. Bernard to save the latter from extinction. Moreover, the St. Bernard owes its current appearance to the Newfoundland dog.